(Version of July 28, 2014)                                                                                                                                        
   
Brown/Browne/Braun DNA Study: Marker Values for Groups No. 60 thru No. 69  
   
Click here for other Groups    
   
The members of each relationship group below (Groups No. 60 through No. 69) are likely as a rule to share common Brown ancestors with fellow group members inside a "genealogical" time frame, that is, approximately since the widespread introduction of surnames in western Europe during the 15th century.  
   
   
These groupings are strictly tentative, however, and they will necessarily be revised from time to time. What's more, the identification of specific common ancestors for any group will generally depend more upon conventional "paper" genealogy than upon additional DNA testing.    
   
   
To the extent that there are mistakes in the groupings, we have tried to err on the side of inclusiveness by using selection criteria broader than those employed by many other surname-tracing projects. In technical terms, we view a false negative as worse than a false positive, so we prefer to err toward the latter. One implication is that some of this project's Groups will almost surely lose members -- or even "break down" -- if all their members should eventually upgrade from 12 to 25 or more markers. Such outcomes are most probable for Groups equal or close to the so-called "Atlantic Modal Haplotype" (AMH), as for example Group Nos. 5, 15, 18, 20, 56, 59, 87, 88 and 89. For more information on the AMH issue, see the discussion under Group No. 20.    
   
   
 
 
       
Criteria for Determining Relationship Groups:        
   
For Haplogroup R1b and its subclades: Members must match 12/12 on the first 12 markers, at least 23/25 on the first 25 markers, or at least 33/37 on the first 37 markers.  
     
For all other Haplogroups: Members must match at least 11/12 on the first 12 markers, at least 22/25 on the first 25 markers, or at least 33/37 on the first 37 markers.  
   
   
     
Note on Modal Values within Groups: In cases where a specific marker's modal value is undefined, a value is substituted from among the modal values for all project members with the same haplogroup.    
   
     
   
Color coding for Haplogroups:    
   
Green = haplogroup proven by independent SNP test                                  
Red = haplogroup inferred from STR's with high confidence (no SNP test)        
Blue = haplogroup inferred from STR's with medium to low confidence (no SNP test)    
Black = haplogroup presented with unknown confidence (SNP status not known)  
   
For more information on haplogroups, click here.        
         
For other parts of this website, click here.          
       
     
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RESULTS  TABLES  FOR  RELATIONSHIP  GROUPS NO. 60 THROUGH NO. 69  
(The STR Markers with Orange Headings are believed to change or "mutate" more rapidly than the others.)  
   
Kit No. Name H                                     STR Marker Names (DNA Y-Chromosome Short Tandem Repeats or "DYS")
a     3                                                                                                                                
p     9                                                                                                                                
l     4                                                                                                                                
o                                                     G                         3 3                                                    
g     o             3   3                             A Y Y                     9 9         4                                          
r     r   3 3       8   8   4 4             4 4 4 4   T C C         C C         5 5         0     4 4                                  
o 3 3   3 8 8 4 3 4 9 3 9 4 5 5 4 4 4 4 4 4 6 6 6 6 4 A A A 4 6 5 5 D D 4 4 5 5 S S 5 5 6 4 6 5 4 1 1 5 5 4 4 5 4 4 4 5 4 6 5 4 5 6 4 5
u 9 9 1 9 5 5 2 8 3 - 9 - 5 9 9 5 5 4 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 6 H 2 2 5 0 7 7 Y Y 4 3 3 7 1 1 9 3 4 7 S 1 2 3 3 5 9 3 9 3 5 4 8 2 4 1 6 8 7 4 9 6
p 3 0 9 1 a b 6 8 9 1 2 2 8 a b 5 4 7 7 8 9 a b c d 0 4 a b 6 7 6 0 a b 2 8 1 8 a b 0 7 1 2 1 1 5 a b 7 4 6 0 4 0 4 1 0 6 7 8 7 2 0 2 5
 
Group No. 60  
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Modal Values for this Group R1b1a2 13 23 14 10 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 17 18                                                                                    
65956 Andy Joseph Brown  R1b1a2 13 23 14 10 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 17 18 11 11 19 23 15 15 18 18 38 39 12 12                                                            
79718 Michael Eugene Brown  R1b1a2 13 23 14 10 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 28 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 17 18                                                                                    
 
Group No. 61  
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Modal Values for this Group R1b1a2 14 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 14 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 28 14 15 17 17 11 11 20 23 15 15 17 17 36 37 12 12 12 9 15 15 8 10 10 8 10 9 12 23 23 16 10 12 12 15 8 13 22 20 13 13 11 13 11 11 13 12
73099 William Brushwood Brown * R1b1a2 14 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 14 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 28 14 15 17 17 11 11 20 23 15 15 17 17 36 37 12 12 12 9 15 15 8 10 10 8 10 9 12 23 23 16 10 12 12 15 8 13 22 20 13 13 11 13 11 11 13 12
151755 Bobby James Brown R1b1a2 14 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 14 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 28 14 15 17 17 11 11 20 23 15 15 17 17 36 36 12 12                                                            
H1476 Peter B. Brown R1b1a2 14 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 13 13 13 29 14 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 28 14 15 17 17 11 11 20 23 15 15 17 17 36 37 12 12 12 9 15 15 8 10 10 8 10 9 12 23 23 16 10 12 12 15 8 13 22 20 13 13 11 13 11 11 13 12
 
Group No. 62  
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Modal Values for this Group I1 14 22 15 10 13 14 11 14 11 12 11 28 15 8 9 8 11 23 16 20 29 12 14 16 16                                                                                    
69085 Earl Lee Brown  I1 14 22 15 10 13 14 11 14 11 12 11 28 15 8 9 8 11 23 16 20 29 12 14 16 16 11 10 19 21 14 14 17 20 35 36 12 10 11 8 15 15 8 11 11 8 9 9 12 23 25 15 10 12 12 17 8 12 24 20 13 13 11 12 11 11 12 11
88956 Jimmy David Brown I1 14 22 15 10 13 14 11 14 11 12 11 28 15 8 9 8 11 23 16 20 29 12 14 16 16                                                                                    
83842 Dale L. Brown I1 14 22 15 10 13 14 11 14 11 12 11 28 15 8 9 8 11 23 16 20 29 12 14 16 16                                                                                    
 
Group No. 63  
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Modal Values for this Group R1b1a2a1b3 13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 14 29 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 18 18 11 11 19 23 16 15 17 18 37 38 12 12                                                            
59942 Roy Wilcox Brown  R1b1a2a1b3 13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 14 29 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 18 18 11 11 19 23 16 15 17 18 37 38 12 12                                                            
310255 Mandel Brown R1b1a2a1b3 13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 14 29 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 18 18 11 11 19 23 16 15 17 18 37 38 12 12                                                            
225726 T. Brown R1b1a2a1b3 13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 14 29 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 18 18 11 11 19 23 16 15 17 17 37 38 12 12                                                            
N4959 Richard Dale Bingham  R1b1a2a1b3 13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 14 29 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 31 15 15 15 18 11 11 19 23 16 15 17 19 37 38 12 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23 23 15 10 12 10 17 8 11 22 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
142999 Donald Joseph Bingham R1b1a2a1b3 13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 14 29 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 31 15 15 15 18 11 11 19 23 16 15 17 19 37 38 12 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23 23 15 10 12 10 17 8 11 22 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
Note:  No. N4959 and no. 142999 are very close relatives. According to family information, they are thought to be "biological Browns."     
   
 
Group No. 64  
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Modal Values for this Group R1b1a2a1a1 13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 14 13 31 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 18 31 14 15 16 17 11 11 19 22 16 14 19 17 37 40 12 12 11 10 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23 23 16 11 12 12 15 8 12 22 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 13 12
000000 Anonymous Brown**** R1b1a2a1a1 13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 14 13 31                                                                                                              
105360 Donald W. Brown R1b1a2a1a1 13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 14 13 31 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 18 31 14 15 16 17 11 11 19 22 16 14 19 17 37 40 12 12 11 10 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23 23 16 11 12 12 15 8 12 22 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 13 12
59934 Robert Lloyd Brown  R1b1a2a1a1 13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 14 13 31 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 18 31 14 15 16 17 11 11 19 22 16 14 18 17 38 40 12 12 11 10 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23 23 16 12 12 12 15 8 12 22 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 13 12
49243 Richard Lewis Brown  R1b1a2a1a1 13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 14 13 31 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 18 31 14 15 16 17 11 11 19 22 16 14 18 17 38 40 12 12 11 10 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23 23 16 12 12 12 15 8 12 22 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 13 12
180857 Robert Andrew Steele  R1b1a2a1a1 13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 14 13 31 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 18 31 14 15 16 17 11 11 19 22 16 14 19 17 37 40 12 12 11 10 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23 23 16 11 12 12 15 8 12 22 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 13 12
164950 Richard Alan Brown #2 ("Ryk") R1b1a2a1a1 13 23 14 11 9 14 12 12 12 14 13 31 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 18 31 14 15 16 17 11 11 19 22 16 14 20 17 37 40 12 12 11 10 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23 23 16 11 12 12 15 8 12 22 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 13 12
Note 1: The "Anonymous Brown" in this group is a man tested by FTDNA who hasn't yet joined the Brown DNA Study.  
   
Note 2: The assignment of no. 164950 to this Group might be questioned by some experts in DNA genealogy. The method most commonly used for calculating genetic distance, the "stepwise mutation" model, says that 164950 is five steps away from no. 49243. This distance is usually interpreted as signifying no relationship within a "genealogical" time frame. But an alternative counting protocol, the "infinite alleles" model, says these two men mismatch on just three markers -- a genetic distance some observers would take to indicate a probable relationship within the last 500 years (possibly much more recently). A second reason for including 164950 is that two of his differences with 49243 are on the poorly understood "multicopy" markers (no. 5 and the very volatile no. 34). A third reason is that three other men in Group No. 64 have tested at only 12 or 25 markers. If any  of these men should upgrade to 37 markers, his or their new results might be close enough to 164950 to give a match that's less equivocal than the existing comparison with 49243.    
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Note 3: In view of matches between this Group and several Rose-surnamed men, some researchers hypothesize that the ancestors of these Browns underwent a surname change from "Rose" to "Brown," or that the ancestors of the Roses in question originally carried the "Brown" surname. If any such change occurred, it's unclear with present evidence whether the event is more likely to have taken place in the British Isles rather than in North America.    
   
   
   
     
Note 4: Special thanks to David Wadsworth Brown, not only our no. 18291 but also the long-serving Administrator of the Rose DNA Project, for helpful suggestions about analyzing this Group.     
   
     
Note 5: The members of Group No. 64 (with the possible exception of the Anonymous Brown) share a "pre-genealogical" common ancestry with a number men who have surnames other than Brown and Rose, thanks to their carrying a DNA     
   
marker of deep ancestry known as "R-U198."  For information, see:  http://meekdna.com/U198dna/      
       
Note 6: The DNA signature of particpant no. 180857 indicates a high probability that he is a "biological Brown" or a "biological Rose,"  that is, his unbroken male-to-male line of ancestry probably traces  back to Brown-surnamed or Rose-surnamed man within the past few hundred years.    
   
   
       
Note 7: For an extended analysis of this Group's genealogy, click here: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~rykbrown/brown.htm    
       
       
Group No. 65  
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Modal Values for this Group R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 14 13 30 16 9 10 11 11 24 15 19 30 14 15 15 17                                                                                    
49701 William Anthony Brown  R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 14 13 30 16 9 10 11 11 24 15 19 30 14 15 15 17                                                                                    
40779 Bryan C. Brown  R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 14 13 30 16 9 10 11 11 24 15 19 30 14 15 15 17 11 11 19 23 15 15 16 18 37 37 12 12 11 9 15 15 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23 23 17 10 12 12 15 6 12 23 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
 
Group No. 66  
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Modal Values for this Group J2 12 22 14 10 13 16 11 15 11 14 11 31                                                                                                              
56115 William Howard Brown  J2 12 22 14 10 13 16 11 15 11 14 11 31                                                                                                              
87283 Donald Milton Brown  J2 12 22 14 10 13 16 11 15 11 14 11 31 18 9 9 11 12 24 15 20 29 12 14 15 16                                                                                    
See note under Group No. 6 above, regarding the presence of "Mediterranean" haplogroups like "J" in the British Isles.
       
Group No. 67  
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Modal Values for this Group I1 13 22 14 10 12 14 11 14 11 12 11 28 15 8 8 8 11 23 16 20 28 12 12 15 16 10 10 19 21 15 14 17 18 31 37 11 10                                                            
33155 James Robert "Bob" Brown  I1 13 22 14 10 12 14 11 14 11 12 11 28 15 8 8 8 11 23 16 20 28 12 12 15 16 10 10 19 21 14 14 17 18 31 37 11 10                                                            
160153 Joe Edgar Brown I1 13 22 14 10 12 14 11 14 11 12 11 28 15 8 8 8 11 23 16 20 28 12 14 15 16 10 10 19 21 15 14 17 18 31 36 11 10                                                            
N50492 Terrence L. Brown, III I1 13 22 14 10 12 14 11 14 11 12 11 28                                                                                                              
 
Group No. 68  
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Modal Values for this Group R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 14 13 31 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 17 17 11 11 19 23 16 14 19 16 34 37 12 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 22 23 16 10 12 12 15 8 12 22 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
1113 Daniel Robert Brown  R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 14 13 31 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 17 17 11 11 19 23 16 14 20 16 34 37 12 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 22 23 16 10 12 12 15 8 12 22 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
92381 Phillip Arlin Brown R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 14 13 31 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 17 17 11 11 19 23 16 14 19 17 34 37 12 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 22 23 16 10 12 12 15 8 12 22 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
 
Group No. 69  
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Modal Values for this Group R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 14 13 12 30 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 31 15 15 16 17 11 10 19 23 16 15 16 16 36 38 12 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23 23 16 10 12 12 16 8 12 23 20 14 12 10 13 12 11 12 12
N5104 Michael Lance Brown*  R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 14 13 12 30 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 31 15 15 16 17 11 10 19 23 16 15 16 16 36 38 12 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23 23 16 10 12 12 16 8 12 23 20 14 12 10 13 12 11 12 12
93565 Donald Joseph Brown R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 14 13 12 30 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 31 15 15 16 17 11 10 19 23 16 15 16 16 36 38 12 12                                                            
210487 J. Graves R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 14 13 12 30 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 31 15 15 16 17 11 10 19 23 16 15 16 16 36 38 12 12                                                            
140701 William Daniel Brown  R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 14 13 12 30 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 32 15 15 16 18 11 10 19 23 16 15 16 16 36 38 12 12                                                            
165679 James E. Brown #1 R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 14 13 12 30 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 32 15 15 16 17 11 10 19 23 16 15 16 16 36 38 12 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23 23 16 10 12 12 16 8 12 23 20 14 12 10 13 12 11 12 12
167187 Charlie Brown R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 13 13 12 30 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 31 15 15 16 17 11 10 19 23 15 15 16 16 36 38 12 12                                                            
111994 John Russell Morrison  R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 13 13 12 30 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 31 15 15 16 17 11 10 19 23 16 15 16 16 36 38 12 12                                                            
     
 
     
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*  A deceased test participant.  
       
**  Y-Search No. used for member not tested by FTDNA.            
       
***  Indicates "null" or no result. Such cases are retested multiple times to confirm. The underlying science is still unsettled as to when these readings are caused by true deletions, as opposed to being caused by imperfect testing techniques. Regardless of cause, however, mutations that lead to null readings are normally passed to descendants just as are other mutations, meaning that related male lineages such as a father and his son will usually share a null value. Therefore a null value can generally be as useful as any other value for genealogical purposes.  
 
 
 
   
**** Ancestral name used instead of participant's name.    
   
***** Indicates a Brown-surnamed man tested by FTDNA who hasn't yet joined the Brown DNA Study Indicates a Brown-, Braun-  or Browning-surnamed man tested by FTDNA who hasn't yet joined the Brown DNA Study.    
     
Click here for "Unique Haplotype" Results    
   
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INFORMATION ON HAPLOGROUPS:      
     
Haplogroup E1b1b (formerly E3b)      
     
Haplogroup G      
     
Haplogroup I and subclades      
     
Haplogroup J and subclades      
     
Haplogroup R1a      
     
Haplogroup R1b and subclades    
   
   
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