(Version of Mar. 31, 2014)                                                                                                                                        
   
Brown/Browne/Braun DNA Study: Marker Values for Groups No. 50 thru 59  
   
Click here for other Groups    
   
The members of each relationship group below (Groups No. 50 through No. 59) are likely as a rule to share common Brown ancestors with fellow group members inside a "genealogical" time frame, that is, approximately since the widespread introduction of surnames in western Europe during the 15th century.  
   
   
These groupings are strictly tentative, however, and they will necessarily be revised from time to time. What's more, the identification of specific common ancestors for any group will generally depend more upon conventional "paper" genealogy than upon additional DNA testing.    
   
   
To the extent that there are mistakes in the groupings, we have tried to err on the side of inclusiveness by using selection criteria broader than those employed by many other surname-tracing projects. In technical terms, we view a false negative as worse than a false positive, so we prefer to err toward the latter. One implication is that some of this project's Groups will almost surely lose members -- or even "break down" -- if all their members should eventually upgrade from 12 to 25 or more markers. Such outcomes are most probable for Groups equal or close to the so-called "Atlantic Modal Haplotype" (AMH), as for example Group Nos. 5, 15, 18, 20, 56, 59, 87, 88 and 89. For more information on the AMH issue, see the discussion under Group No. 20.    
   
   
 
 
       
Criteria for Determining Relationship Groups:        
   
For Haplogroup R1b and its subclades: Members must match 12/12 on the first 12 markers, at least 23/25 on the first 25 markers, or at least 33/37 on the first 37 markers.  
     
For all other Haplogroups: Members must match at least 11/12 on the first 12 markers, at least 23/25 on the first 25 markers, or at least 33/37 on the first 37 markers.  
   
   
     
Note on Modal Values within Groups: In cases where a specific marker's modal value is undefined, a value is substituted from among the modal values for all project members with the same haplogroup.    
   
     
   
Color coding for Haplogroups:    
   
Green = haplogroup proven by independent SNP test                                  
Red = haplogroup inferred from STR's with high confidence (no SNP test)        
Blue = haplogroup inferred from STR's with medium to low confidence (no SNP test)    
Black = haplogroup presented with unknown confidence (SNP status not known)  
   
For more information on haplogroups, click here.        
         
For other parts of this website, click here.          
       
     
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RESULTS  TABLES  FOR  RELATIONSHIP  GROUPS NO. 50 THRUGH NO. 59  
(The STR Markers with Orange Headings are believed to change or "mutate" more rapidly than the others.)  
   
Kit No. Name H                                     STR Marker Names (DNA Y-Chromosome Short Tandem Repeats or "DYS")
a     3                                                                                                                                
p     9                                                                                                                                
l     4                                                                                                                                
o                                                     G                         3 3                                                    
g     o             3   3                             A Y Y                     9 9         4                                          
r     r   3 3       8   8   4 4             4 4 4 4   T C C         C C         5 5         0     4 4                                  
o 3 3   3 8 8 4 3 4 9 3 9 4 5 5 4 4 4 4 4 4 6 6 6 6 4 A A A 4 6 5 5 D D 4 4 5 5 S S 5 5 6 4 6 5 4 1 1 5 5 4 4 5 4 4 4 5 4 6 5 4 5 6 4 5
u 9 9 1 9 5 5 2 8 3 - 9 - 5 9 9 5 5 4 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 6 H 2 2 5 0 7 7 Y Y 4 3 3 7 1 1 9 3 4 7 S 1 2 3 3 5 9 3 9 3 5 4 8 2 4 1 6 8 7 4 9 6
p 3 0 9 1 a b 6 8 9 1 2 2 8 a b 5 4 7 7 8 9 a b c d 0 4 a b 6 7 6 0 a b 2 8 1 8 a b 0 7 1 2 1 1 5 a b 7 4 6 0 4 0 4 1 0 6 7 8 7 2 0 2 5
 
Group No. 50  
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Modal Values for this Group R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 17 17 10 11 19 23 15 16 17 17 36 37 12 13                                                            
72895 Jay D. Brown  R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 15 17 10 11 19 23 15 16 17 17 36 37 12 13                                                            
73062 Mark Donald Brown  R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 17 17 10 11 19 23 15 16 17 17 36 37 12 13                                                            
70163 Ellsworth A. "E.A." Brown  R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 17 17 10 11 19 23 15 16 17 17 36 37 12 13                                                            
190906 Robert Clark Brown  R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 13 13 13 29 17 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 17 17 10 11 19 23 15 15 17 17 36 37 12 13                                                            
Note:  The first three men here match Group No. 20 on the first 12 markers.   But these matches don't hold with the men in Group No. 20 who have tested for more than 12 markers. Given that outcome, and given that the first three men here have convergent "paper" genealogies, they are listed as a separate group.  
 
 
 
     
Group No. 51  
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Modal Values for this Group R1b1a2 13 23 14 11 11 12 12 12 12 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 24 15 19 30 15 16 17 17 11 10 19 23 18 14 18 17 37 40 13 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 21 23 16 10 12 12 15 8 11 22 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 13 12
55685 Frederick Florington Brown  R1b1a2 13 23 14 11 11 12 12 12 12 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 24 15 19 30 15 16 17 17                                                                                    
112386 John Thomas Brown (#2) R1b1a2 13 23 14 11 11 12 12 12 12 13 13 29 17 10 10 11 11 24 15 19 30 15 16 17 17 11 10 19 23 18 14 18 17 36 40 12 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 21 23 16 10 12 12 15 8 11 22 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 13 12
130980 Ken Truman Brown  R1b1a2 13 23 14 11 11 12 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 10 10 11 11 24 15 19 30 15 16 17 17 11 10 19 23 18 14 18 17 37 40 13 12                                                            
N99961 M. R. Brown R1b1a2 13 23 14 11 11 12 12 12 12 13 13 29                                                                                                              
75323 Austin Hill Brown  R1b1a2 13 23 14 11 11 12 12 12 12 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 24 15 19 30 15 16 17 17 11 10 19 23 17 14 18 17 37 40 13 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 21 23 16 10 12 12 15 8 11 22 21 13 12 11 13 11 11 13 12
 
Group No. 52                                                                                                                                        
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Modal Values for this Group I2b1 15 22 15 10 13 14 11 13 11 13 12 31 16 8 10 11 11 25 14 20 29 11 14 14 15 11 10 19 21 15 13 16 19 35 38 12 10                                                            
N40453 William Thomas Brown  I2b1 15 22 15 10 13 14 11 13 11 13 12 31 16 8 10 11 11 25 14 20 29 11 14 14 15 11 10 19 21 15 13 16 20 35 38 12 10 11 8 15 16 8 11 10 8 10 8 12 21 22 15 11 12 12 15 9 13 26 20 11 13 12 12 11 12 12 10
142768 Aaron Clifton Brown  I2b1 15 22 15 10 13 14 11 13 11 13 12 31 16 8 10 11 11 25 14 20 29 11 14 14 15 11 10 19 21 15 13 16 19 35 38 12 10                                                            
64963 Andrew Marvin Brown  I2b1 15 22 15 10 13 14 11 13 11 13 12 31 16 8 10 11 11 25 14 20 29 11 14 14 15 11 10 19 21 15 13 16 19 35 38 12 10                                                            
 
Group No. 53  
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Modal Values for this Group I2b 15 24 15 10 16 16 11 13 11 13 12 29                                                                                                              
206547 Michael A. Zoeller (Brown) I2b 15 23 15 10 16 16 11 13 11 13 12 29 18 8 10 11 11 24 14 20 28 13 14 14 15 11 10 19 21 14 14 16 19 36 37 13 10                                                            
33429 Richard E. Brown  I2b 15 24 15 10 16 16 11 13 11 13 12 29                                                                                                              
N40599 Mark Stephen Brown  I2b 15 24 15 10 16 16 11 13 11 13 12 29                                                                                                              
Note: The father of participant no. 206547 was born a Brown, then adopted by a Zoeller family  
 
Group No. 54  
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Modal Values for this Group I2b1 14 23 15 11 15 15 11 13 11 14 12 32 14 8 10 11 11 25 14 20 27 11 14 15 16 11 10 19 21 15 14 17 18 37 43 11 10                                                            
75392 Timothy Stuart Brown  I2b1 14 23 15 11 15 15 11 13 11 14 12 32 14 8 10 11 11 25 14 20 27 11 14 15 16 11 10 19 21 15 14 17 18 37 43 11 10                                                            
28482 Dean William Brown  I2b1 14 23 15 11 15 15 11 13 11 14 12 32 14 8 10 11 11 25 14 20 27 11 14 15 16 11 10 19 21 15 14 17 18 37 43 11 10 11 8 15 16 8 11 11 8 10 9 12 21 22 16 11 12 12 15 9 14 31 20 12 13 12 12 11 12 12 11
 
Group No. 55  
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Modal Values for this Group J1 12 23 14 10 13 17 11 15 11 13 11 30 17 8 9 10 11 25 14 20 25 12 14 16 17 12 10 22 22 15 14 18 18 34 37 12 10 11 8 15 16 8 11 10 8 11 9 12 21 22 20 10 12 12 15 8 12 25 21 14 12 11 14 12 12 12 11
62774 Geoffrey Brown  J1c3d 12 23 14 10 13 17 11 15 11 12 11 29 18 8 9 10 11 25 14 20 25 12 14 16 17 12 10 22 22 15 14 18 18 34 37 12 10 11 8 15 16 8 11 10 8 11 9 12 21 22 20 10 12 12 15 8 12 25 21 14 12 11 14 12 12 12 11
217721 T. P. Brown J1 12 23 14 10 13 17 11 15 11 13 11 30 17 8 9 10 11 25 14 20 25 12 14 16 17 12 10 22 22 15 14 18 18 33 37 12 10 11 8 15 16 8 11 10 8 11 9 12 21 22 20 10 12 12 15 8 12 25 21 14 12 11 14 12 12 12 11
255580 Thomas Anthony Brown J1 12 23 14 10 13 17 11 15 11 13 11 30 17 8 9 10 11 25 14 20 25 12 14 16 17 11 10 22 22 15 14 18 18 34 37 12 10 11 8 15 16 8 11 10 8 11 9 12 21 22 20 10 12 12 15 8 13 25 21 14 12 11 14 12 12 12 11
223777 Edward Carlton Brown J1 12 23 14 10 13 17 11 15 11 13 11 30 17 8 9 10 11 25 14 20 25 12 14 16 17 12 10 22 22 15 14 18 18 34 37 12 10 11 8 15 16 8 11 10 8 11 9 12 21 22 20 10 12 12 15 8 12 25 21 14 12 11 14 12 12 12 11
76988 Roy Frederick Brown J1 12 23 14 10 13 17 11 15 11 13 11 30 18 8 9 10 11 25 14 20 25 12 14 16 17 12 10 22 22 15 14 18 18 34 37 12 10                                                            
119114 James Mercer Brown* J1 12 23 14 10 13 17 11 15 11 13 11 30 18 8 9 10 11 25 14 20 25 12 14 16 17 12 10 22 22 15 14 18 18 34 37 12 10                                                            
000000 Anonymous Brown J1 12 23 14 10 13 17 11 15 11 13 11 30                                                                                                              
N36838 Jeffrey N. Brown  J1 12 23 14 10 13 17 11 15 11 13 11 30 18 8 9 10 11 25 14 20 26 12 14 16 17                                                                                    
138972 Gerald L. Brown J1 12 23 14 10 13 17 11 15 11 13 11 30 17 8 9 10 11 25 14 20 26 12 14 16 17 12 10 20 22 15 14 18 18 34 36 12 10 11 8 15 16 8 11 10 8 11 9 12 21 22 20 10 12 12 15 8 12 25 21 14 12 11 14 12 12 12 11
 YFPRB** Samuel James "Jim" Brown, Jr. J1 12 23 14 10 13 17 11 15 11 13 11 30 17 8 9 10 11 25 14 20 25 12 14 16 17 11 10 22 22 15           12 10                                       12     14              
Note 1: See discussion under Group No. 6 above, regarding the presence of "Mediterranean" haplogroups like "J" in the British Isles.
 
Note 2: The "genetic distance" between no. 62774 and the other members of Group No. 55 on the first twelve markers is taken as only one step (rather than two) since the conventional analysis includes the value of marker no. 10 as a part of marker no. 12.  See the reference linked under Group No. 94 below.  
 
   
Note 3: The "Anonymous Brown" in this Group is a man tested by our contractor, FTDNA, but who hasn't yet joined the Brown DNA Study.  
 
Group No. 56  
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Modal Values for this Group R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 14 13 30 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 17 17 11 11 19 23 16 15 18 17 38 39 12 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23 23 16 10 12 12 15 8 12 22 20 14 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
00000 Anonymous Browns***** R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 14 13 30                                                                                                              
171471 Peter G. Brown  R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 14 13 30 16 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 17 17 11 11 19 22 15 15 18 17 38 36 12 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23 23 16 10 12 12 15 8 12 21 20 13 12 11 14 10 11 12 12
39906 James W. Brown R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 14 13 30 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 18 29 15 15 17 17                                                                                    
76966 Russell Lee Brown R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 14 13 30 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 18 29 15 16 17 17 11 11 19 23 16 15 18 17 38 39 11 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23 23 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 22 20 14 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
121485 William Brown**** R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 14 13 30 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 28 15 15 17 17 11 10 19 23 16 15 19 17 38 35 12 12                                                            
N18363 Rodney Stuart Brown  R1b1a2a1a1b4 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 14 13 30 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 17 18 11 10 19 23 16 15 17 17 38 37 12 12 11 9 15 16 9 10 10 8 9 10 12 22 23 15 10 12 12 15 8 12 23 20 14 12 11 13 11 11 14 12
TJHV3** Hiram Brown**** R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 14 13 30 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 18 30 15 15 17 17 11 11 19 23 16           11 12                                       12     14              
Note 1: The members of Group No. 56 have a DNA signature within one step of the "Atlantic Modal Haplotype" (AMH), meaning among other things that their matches are less likely to be significant than are the matches in this project's "non-AMH" groups. See the discussion under Group No. 20, above.   
 
 
Note 2: The "Anonymous Browns" in Group No. 56 are two men tested by FTDNA who have never joined the Brown DNA Study. If either should upgrade to 25 or 37 markers, he might match one or more of the others in this Group. But he couldn't match all of them. Therefore any upgraded results for him would probably necessitate assigning some of members of Group No. 56 to an entirely new Group.  
 
 
 
     
Group No. 57  
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Modal Values for this Group R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 17 17 11 11 19 23 15 14 19 19 36 36 11 12 11 9 15 16 8 11 10 8 9 10 12 23 24 16 10 12 12 15 8 12 24 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
N24294 Nicholas B. "Bruce" Brown  R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 17 17 11 12 19 23 15 14 19 19 36 36 11 12 11 9 15 16 8 11 10 8 9 10 12 23 24 16 10 12 12 15 8 12 24 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
267129 J. S. Brown R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 17 17 11 11 19 23 15 14 20 19 36 36 11 12 11 9 15 16 8 11 10 8 9 10 12 23 24 16 10 12 12 15 8 12 24 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
313248 Brown R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 17 17 11 11 19 23 15 14 19 23 36 36 11 12 11 9 15 16 8 11 10 8 9 10 12 23 24 16 10 12 12 15 8 12 24 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
88859 Arthur Richard Brown R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 17 17 11 11 19 23 15 14 19 19 36 36 11 12 11 9 15 16 8 11 10 8 9 10 12 23 24 16 10 12 12 15 8 12 24 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
324666 Mikhail John Brown R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 17 17 11 11 19 23 15 14 19 19 36 36 11 12                                                            
256019 Thomas Johnstone Brown R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 16 17 17 11 11 19 23 15 14 19 18 36 36 11 12                                                            
77369 George Robert Brown R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 17 17 11 11 19 23 16 14 20 19 36 37 11 12 11 9 15 16 8 11 10 8 9 10 12 23 24 16 10 12 12 15 8 12 24 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
00000 Anonymous Browns***** R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 29                                                                                                              
96783 Freddy J. Brown  R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 14 15 17 17 10 11 19 22 15 15 18 17 37 38 12 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 11 10 12 21 23 16 10 12 12 17 8 12 22 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
188420 Sidney Brown R1b1a2 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 14 15 17 17 10 11 19 22 16 15 19 17 37 38 12 12                                                            
Note:  The Anonymous Browns in this group are three men tested by FTDNA who haven't yet joined the Brown DNA Study.  They are also listed under Group No. 43 above since they match there as well on 12 of 12 markers. If they ever upgrade, they might match any of the named men. But it would be impossible for them to match all of the named men, meaning that 96783 and 188420 would probably be split off, into an entirely new relationship group.  
 
 
 
   
Group No. 58  
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Modal Values for this Group R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 15 12 12 11 13 13 29 17 9 9 10 11 24 15 19 28 15 15 17 18 11 11 19 23 16 15 17 15 36 36 13 12                                                            
165124 Ian Crawford Brown  R1b1b 13 24 14 11 11 15 12 12 11 13 13 29 17 7 9 11 11 24 15 19 30 15 15 17 17 11 11 19 23 16 16 18 17 36 40 12 12                                                            
N11615 Patrick Brown R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 15 12 12 11 13 13 29                                                                                                              
000000 Anonymous Brown***** R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 15 12 12 11 13 13 29                                                                                                              
80054 Robert Jerald Brown R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 15 12 12 11 13 13 29 17 9 10 10 11 24 15 19 28 15 15 17 18 11 11 19 23 16 15 16 15 36 36 13 12                                                            
214065 Neal Brown**** R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 15 12 12 11 13 13 29 18 9 9 10 11 24 15 19 28 15 15 17 18 11 11 19 23 16 15 17 15 36 36 13 12                                                            
162554 Neil Francis Brown R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 15 12 12 11 13 13 29 18 9 9 10 11 24 15 19 28 15 15 17 18 11 11 19 24 16 15 17 15 35 36 13 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 12 10 12 23 23 16 10 12 12 16 8 12 22 20 12 13 11 14 11 11 12 12
Note 1: The "Anonymous Brown" in this group is a man tested by FTDNA who hasn't yet joined the Brown DNA Study.  
   
Note 2: It's very difficult  to estimate whether 80054 and 162554 are likely to be related within a "genealogical" time frame (i.e., since the widespread use of surnames in western Europe during the 15th century). On the one hand, they have five mismatches, whereas the normal cut-off for probable significance at the 37-marker level is four mismatches. On the other hand, three of their mismatches are on the frequently unstable "multicopy" markers -- which means the observed 32/37 comparison may be closer in significance to a 33/37 comparison. But in any case, 214065 appears as a "bridge" between 162554 and 80054. Moreover, if N11615 or "Anonymous" ever should upgrade, it's conceivable that one man or the other either (a) could also serve as a bridge between 80054 and 162554, or (b) could turn out to be a significant match to one of the latter two or to 214065.    
   
   
   
   
   
   
Note 3: Number 165124 has too many mismatces to be related to 80054, 162554 or 214065 within a "genealogical" time frame. But if we had results on markers 13 thru 37 for N11615 and "Anonymous," 165124 might match either man.   
 
 
Group No. 59  
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Modal Values for this Group R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 14 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 16 17 18 11 11 19 19 16 15 18 17 38 38 12 12                                                            
232591 Stephen Hines Nation (Brown) R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 14 29 16 9 10 10 11 26 15 19 30 15 16 15 18 11 11 19 19 16 15 18 17 38 38 12 12                                                            
248572 Kevin Carlyle Brown R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 14 29 16 9 10 10 11 26 15 19 30 15 16 15 18 11 11 19 19 16 15 18 17 38 38 12 12                                                            
19188 Roland Doyle "Buck" Brown*  R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 14 29                                                                                                              
84226 James R. Brown R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 14 29                                                                                                              
279898 Donald Browne R1b1a2 13 25 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 14 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 16 17 18 11 11 19 23 16 15 18 17 37 38 12 11                                                            
80445 Paul Gerard Brown R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 14 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 16 17 18 11 11 19 23 16 15 18 17 37 38 12 11 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23 23 16 10 12 12 15 8 12 22 20 15 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
55341 Richard Claude Brown  R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 14 29 18 9 10 11 11 24 15 19 30 15 16 17 18                                                                                    
Note 1: The members of Group No. 59 have a DNA signature within one step of the "Atlantic Modal Haplotype" (AMH),                                                                                        
meaning among other things that their matches are somewhat less likely to be significant than are the matches in   
this project's "non-AMH" groups. See the discussion under Group No. 20, above.  
 
Note 2: Given the limited evidence at hand, the first two men listed in Group No. 59 do not appear closely related to the last three. But if either 19188 or 84226 should upgrade to 25 or 37 markers, he might serve as a bridge between 232591-248572 and 279898-80455-55341.  
 
 
 
 
 
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*  A deceased test participant.  
       
**  Y-Search No. used for member not tested by FTDNA.            
       
***  Indicates "null" or no result. Such cases are retested multiple times to confirm. The underlying science is still unsettled as to when these readings are caused by true deletions, as opposed to being caused by imperfect testing techniques. Regardless of cause, however, mutations that lead to null readings are normally passed to descendants just as are other mutations, meaning that related male lineages such as a father and his son will usually share a null value. Therefore a null value can generally be as useful as any other value for genealogical purposes.  
 
 
 
   
**** Ancestral name used instead of participant's name.    
   
***** Indicates a Brown-surnamed man tested by FTDNA who hasn't yet joined the Brown DNA Study Indicates a Brown-, Braun-  or Browning-surnamed man tested by FTDNA who hasn't yet joined the Brown DNA Study.    
     
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INFORMATION ON HAPLOGROUPS:      
     
Haplogroup E1b1b (formerly E3b)      
     
Haplogroup G      
     
Haplogroup I and subclades      
     
Haplogroup J and subclades      
     
Haplogroup R1a      
     
Haplogroup R1b and subclades    
   
   
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