(Version of July 14, 2014)                                                                                                                                        
   
Brown/Browne/Braun DNA Study: Marker Values for Groups Eleven thru Nineteen  
   
Click here for other Groups    
   
The members of each relationship group below (Groups No. 11 through No. 19) are likely as a rule to share common Brown ancestors with fellow group members inside a "genealogical" time frame, that is, approximately since the widespread introduction of surnames in western Europe during the 15th century.  
   
   
These groupings are strictly tentative, however, and they will necessarily be revised from time to time. What's more, the identification of specific common ancestors for any group will generally depend more upon conventional "paper" genealogy than upon additional DNA testing.    
   
   
To the extent that there are mistakes in the groupings, we have tried to err on the side of inclusiveness by using selection criteria broader than those employed by many other surname-tracing projects. In technical terms, we view a false negative as worse than a false positive, so we prefer to err toward the latter. One implication is that some of this project's Groups will almost surely lose members -- or even "break down" -- if all their members should eventually upgrade from 12 to 25 or more markers. Such outcomes are most probable for Groups equal or close to the so-called "Atlantic Modal Haplotype" (AMH), as for example Group Nos. 5, 15, 18, 20, 56, 59, 87, 88 and 89. For more information on the AMH issue, see the discussion under Group No. 20.    
   
   
 
 
       
Criteria for Determining Relationship Groups:        
   
For Haplogroup R1b and its subclades: Members must match 12/12 on the first 12 markers, at least 23/25 on the first 25 markers, or at least 33/37 on the first 37 markers.  
     
For all other Haplogroups: Members must match at least 11/12 on the first 12 markers, at least 23/25 on the first 25 markers, or at least 33/37 on the first 37 markers.  
   
     
Note on Modal Values within Groups: In cases where a specific marker's modal value is undefined, a value is substituted from among the modal values for all project members with the same haplogroup.    
   
     
   
Color coding for Haplogroups:    
   
Green = haplogroup proven by independent SNP test                                  
Red = haplogroup inferred from STR's with high confidence (no SNP test)        
Blue = haplogroup inferred from STR's with medium to low confidence (no SNP test)    
Black = haplogroup presented with unknown confidence (SNP status not known)  
   
         
For other parts of this website, click here.          
       
     
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RESULTS  TABLES  FOR  GROUPS NO. 11 THROUGH NO. 19  
(The STR Markers with Orange Headings are believed to change or "mutate" more rapidly than the others.)  
   
Kit No. Name H                                     STR Marker Names (DNA Y-Chromosome Short Tandem Repeats or "DYS")
a     3                                                                                                                                
p     9                                                                                                                                
l     4                                                                                                                                
o                                                     G                         3 3                                                    
g     o             3   3                             A Y Y                     9 9         4                                          
r     r   3 3       8   8   4 4             4 4 4 4   T C C         C C         5 5         0     4 4                                  
o 3 3   3 8 8 4 3 4 9 3 9 4 5 5 4 4 4 4 4 4 6 6 6 6 4 A A A 4 6 5 5 D D 4 4 5 5 S S 5 5 6 4 6 5 4 1 1 5 5 4 4 5 4 4 4 5 4 6 5 4 5 6 4 5
u 9 9 1 9 5 5 2 8 3 - 9 - 5 9 9 5 5 4 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 6 H 2 2 5 0 7 7 Y Y 4 3 3 7 1 1 9 3 4 7 S 1 2 3 3 5 9 3 9 3 5 4 8 2 4 1 6 8 7 4 9 6
p 3 0 9 1 a b 6 8 9 1 2 2 8 a b 5 4 7 7 8 9 a b c d 0 4 a b 6 7 6 0 a b 2 8 1 8 a b 0 7 1 2 1 1 5 a b 7 4 6 0 4 0 4 1 0 6 7 8 7 2 0 2 5
   
Group No. 11  
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Moda Values for this Group R1b1a2 (M269) 13 24 14 11 10 14 12 13 11 13 14 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 31 15 15 16 17 11 11 19 23 16 15 18 16 36 38 12 13 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23 23 14 10 12 12 15 8 12 23 20 13 12 11 13 12 11 12 12
11126 Kevin John Brown  R1b1a2 (M269) 13 24 14 11 10 14 12 13 11 13 14 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 31 15 15 16 17                                                                                    
18291 David Wadsworth Brown*  R1b1a2 (M269) 13 24 14 11 10 14 12 13 11 13 14 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 31 15 15 16 17 11 12 19 23 16 15 18 16 36 38 12 13                                                            
311747 Brian Clinton Brown R1b1a2 (M269) 13 24 14 11 10 14 12 13 11 13 14 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 31 14 15 16 17 11 11 19 23 16 15 18 16 36 38 12 13 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23 23 15 10 12 12 15 8 12 23 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
65963 Norman Redman Brown R1b1a2 (M269) 13 24 14 11 10 14 12 13 11 13 14 29 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 31 15 15 16 16 11 11 19 23 16 15 18 16 36 38 12 13 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23 23 14 10 12 12 15 8 12 23 20 13 12 11 13 12 11 12 12
 
Group No. 12  
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Modal Values for this Group R1b1a2 13 25 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 14 13 31 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 28 15 15 15 16 11 10 20 23 15 15 18 19 36 36 12 12 11 9 16 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23 23 15 10 12 12 15 8 12 23 21 14 12 11 13 11 11 13 12
40340 John Kennedy Brown  R1b1a2 13 25 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 14 13 31 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 28 15 15 15 16                                                                                    
16445 Allen Ethridge Brown  R1b1a2 13 25 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 14 13 31 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 28 15 15 15 16 11 10 20 23 15 15 18 19 36 36 12 12 11 9 16 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23 23 15 10 12 12 15 8 12 23 21 14 12 11 13 11 11 13 12
251829 Robert J. Brown R1b1a2 13 25 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 14 13 31 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 28 15 15 15 16 11 10 20 23 15 15 18 19 36 36 12 12 11 9 16 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23 23 15 10 12 12 15 8 12 23 21 14 12 11 13 11 11 13 12
235256 W. T. Brown R1b1a2 13 25 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 14 13 31 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 28 15 15 15 16 11 10 20 23 15 15 18 19 36 36 12 12 11 9 16 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23 23 15 10 12 12 15 8 12 23 21 14 12 11 13 11 11 13 12
21975 Richard Alan Brown #1 R1b1a2 13 25 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 14 13 31 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 28 15 15 15 16 11 10 20 23 15 15 18 19 36 36 12 12 11 9 16 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23 23 15 10 12 12 15 8 12 23 21 14 12 11 13 11 11 13 12
N19776 John Timothy Brown  R1b1a2 13 25 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 14 13 31 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 28 15 15 15 16                                                                                    
17725 Darrell Craig Brown  R1b1 13 25 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 14 13 31 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 28 15 15 15 16 11 10 20 23 15 15 18 19 36 36 12 12 11 9 16 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23 23 15 10 12 12 15 8 12 23 21 14 12 11 13 11 11 13 12
 
Group No. 13  
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Modal Values for this Group R1b1a2 13 23 14 11 11 15 12 12 11 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 28 14 15 16 16 11 11 19 23 15 14 18 16 36 41 13 12                                                            
21841 Merlyn Clair Brown  R1b1a2 13 23 14 11 11 15 12 12 11 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 28 14 15 16 16 11 11 19 23 15 14 18 16 36 41 13 12                                                            
18629 David Anson Brown  R1b1a2 13 23 14 11 11 15 12 12 11 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 28 14 15 16 16 11 11 19 23 15 14 18 16 38 41 13 12                                                            
 
Group No. 14  
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Modal Values for this Group I1 13 22 14 10 12 14 11 14 11 11 11 27 15 8 9 8 11 25 15 20 29 12 14 15 16 10 11 19 21 14 14 15 19 36 37 11 10                                                            
42295 Joe R. Brown  I1 13 22 14 10 12 14 11 14 11 11 11 27 15 8 9 8 11 25 15 20 29 12 14 15 16 10 11 19 21 14 14 15 19 36 36 11 10 11 8 14 15 8 12 10 8 9 10 12 23 25 16 10 12 12 16 8 12 25 20 13 13 11 12 11 11 12 11
7514 Cleve Brown  I1 13 22 14 10 12 14 11 14 11 11 11 27 15 8 9 8 11 25 15 20 29 12 14 15 16                                                                                    
24154 Samuel Leonard Brown*  I1 13 22 14 10 12 14 11 14 11 11 11 27 15 8 9 8 11 25 15 20 29 12 14 15 16                                                                                    
190724 Robert Charles Brown I1 13 22 14 10 12 14 11 14 11 11 11 27 15 8 9 8 11 25 15 20 29 12 14 15 16 10 11 19 21 14 14 15 19 36 37 11 10                                                            
46556 Kenneth William Brown (#2) I1 13 22 14 10 12 14 11 14 11 11 11 27 15 8 9 8 11 25 15 20 30 12 14 15 16 10 11 19 21 14 14 15 19 36 37 11 10                                                            
 
Group No. 15  
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Modal Values for this Group R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 17 17 11 11 19 23 16 15 17 17 36 38 12 12                                                            
19465 Andy Brown  R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 29                                                                                                              
N48953 Allen Newton Brown R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 29                                                                                                              
219825 Richard W. Brown R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 29                                                                                                              
000000 Anonymous Browns***** R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 29                                                                                                              
141200 Alastair Rowland Brown  R1b1a2a1a1b 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 26 14 17 34 15 16 16 16 10 10 19 23 17 14 17 18 35 37 12 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23 23 16 10 12 12 16 8 15 24 20 14 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
243146 Kenneth Edward Brown R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 19 9 10 11 11 24 15 19 28 15 15 17 17 11 11 19 23 16 15 17 16 35 37 11 12                                                            
45812 Mark Randolph Brown  R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 30 15 15 15 17                                                                                    
B3258  Christopher Carl Brown R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 30 17 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 30 15 15 17 17 11 11 19 23 15 15 17 17 36 38 13 12                                                            
173351 Michael Lynn Brown II  R1b1a2 13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 30 15 15 17 17 11 11 19 23 15 15 17 17 34 38 13 12                                                            
87814 Arthur William Brown (#1) R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 18 31 15 15 17 18 11 11 19 23 16 15 16 17 37 38 12 12                                                            
141478 John Browne  R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 17 18 11 11 19 23 16 15 17 17 36 38 12 12                                                            
000000 Anonymous Browne***** R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 17 18 11 11 19 23 16 15 17 17 36 38 12 12                                                            
22182 Philip Thomas Browne  R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 17 18                                                                                    
Note 1: The members of Group No. 15 have a DNA signature within one step of the "Atlantic Modal Haplotype" (AMH),
meaning among other things that their matches are somewhat less likely to be significant than are the matches in   
this project's "non-AMH" groups. See the discussion under Group No. 20, below.  
 
Note 2: The "Anonymous Browns" and the "Anonymous Browne" in this Group are four men tested by FTDNA who haven't joined the Brown DNA Study.  
 
Note 3: It's almost certain that the composition of this Group would change if nos. 19465 and N48953 ever upgrade, or if we had results above marker 12 for the "Anonymous" men.  
 
 
Group No. 16  
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Modal Values for this Group R1b1a2 13 22 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 28 16 9 10 11 11 24 15 19 29 15 15 16 18 11 12 21 23 15 14 18 16 36 38 12 11                                                            
25388 Dean B. Browne*  R1b1a2 13 22 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 28 16 9 10 11 11 24 15 19 29 15 15 16 18 11 12 21 23 15 14 18 16 36 38 12 11                                                            
114958 Larry Russell Brown R1b1a2 13 22 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 28 16 9 10 11 11 24 15 19 29 15 15 16 18 11 12 21 23 15 14 18 16 36 38 12 11                                                            
279574 Christopher Lynn Brown R1b1a2 13 22 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 28 16 9 10 11 11 24 15 19 29 15 15 16 18 11 12 21 23 15 14 18 16 36 38 12 11 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 12 10 12 21 23 16 10 12 12 15 8 12 22 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 13 12
202358 Jeremy Ross Brown R1b1a2 13 22 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 28 16 9 10 11 11 24 15 19 29 15 15 16 18 11 12 21 23 15 14 18 16 36 39 12 11                                                            
4799 Russell M. Brown R1b1a2 13 22 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 28 16 9 10 11 11 24 15 19 29 15 15 16 18                                                                                    
 
Group No. 17  
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Modal Values for this Group R1b1a2 13 24 15 11 12 15 12 12 11 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 14 16 16 17                                                                                    
25691 Claude Earl Brown*  R1b1a2 13 24 15 11 12 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 14 16 16 17                                                                                    
25216 Kenneth William Brown (#1) R1b1a2 13 24 15 11 12 15 12 12 11 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 14 16 16 17 10 11 19 23 15 16 17 16 37 38 12 12                                                            
88954 James Lewis Brown  R1b1a2 13 24 15 11 12 15 12 12 11 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 14 16 16 17                                                                                    
31644 Howard Darrel Brown  R1b1a2 13 24 15 11 12 15 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 14 16 16 17                                                                                    
 
Group No. 18  
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Modal Values for this Group R1b1a2 13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 24 15 19 29 15 15 17 17 10 11 19 23 16 15 17 17 37 40 12 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23 23 16 10 12 12 14 8 12 22 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 13 12
N43117 Mark Douglas Brown R1b1a2 13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29                                                                                                              
000000 Anonymous Browne***** R1b1a2 13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29                                                                                                              
000000 Anonymous Brown***** R1b1a2 13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29                                                                                                              
307526 David L. Brown R1b1a2 13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 24 15 18 30 15 15 15 17 10 11 19 23 16 15 20 18 36 38 12 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 11 *** 22 22 16 10 12 12 15 8 11 22 20 13 12 11 15 11 11 13 12
75978 Donald George Brown  R1b1a2 13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 24 15 18 31 15 15 15 17 10 11 19 23 16 15 20 18 37 37 12 12                                                            
VNDRT** Marquis C. "Mark" Brown R1b1a2 13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 24 15 18 29 15 15 15 17 10 11 19 23 16           12 12                                       12     13              
145049 Humphrey Posey Brown**** R1b1a2 13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 24 15 18 30 15 15 15 17 10 11 19 23 16 15 20 19 37 39 12 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 11 *** 23 23 16 10 12 12 14 8 12 22 20 13 12 11 15 11 11 13 12
116565 Thomas Patrick Brown  R1b1a2a1a1a 13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 24 15 19 29 15 16 17 17 10 11 19 23 15 15 17 17 38 40 13 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23 23 16 10 12 12 15 8 13 22 20 15 12 10 13 11 11 13 12
N4VM9** David Charles Brown #2 R1b1a2 13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 17 18 11 11 19 23 16           12 12             12                         12     14              
64723 Michael David Brown #2 R1b1a2 13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 16 16 18 11 11 19 23 17 15 17 17 35 37 12 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23 23 16 11 12 10 14 8 12 22 20 12 12 11 13 11 11 13 12
13498 Steven Clark Brown  R1b1a2 13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 24 15 20 29 15 15 18 18                                                                                    
170392 James Mulder Brown R1b1a2 13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 23 15 19 28 15 15 17 17 10 11 19 22 16 15 17 17 36 40 12 12                                                            
209828 Richard Eugene Brown R1b1a2 13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 23 15 19 29 15 15 17 17 10 11 19 23 16 15 17 17 36 41 12 12                                                            
N74338 Allen Brown #2 R1b1a2a1a1a4 13 23 14 11 11 11 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 23 15 19 28 15 15 17 17 10 11 19 23 16 15 17 17 37 40 12 12 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 *** 23 23 16 10 12 12 18 8 12 23 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 13 12
5151 James Baldwin Brown  R1b1a2 13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 23 15 19 28 15 15 17 17                                                                                    
Note 1: The "Anonymous Brown(e)s" in this group are men tested by FTDNA who haven't yet joined the Brown DNA Study.  
       
Note 2: The members of Group No. 18 have a DNA signature within one step of the "Atlantic Modal Haplotype" (AMH), meaning that the apparent matches in this Group are less likely to be significant than are the matches in most other Groups of the Brown project. See the discussion under Group No. 20. It's clear for Group No. 18, moreover, that at least some members would need to be transferred to other Groups or to our "Unique Haplotypes" category if we had values on markers 13 and above for the four men with only 12 marker values.  
 
 
 
 
Note 3: The three men with only 12 marker values are also shown as members of the Brown DNA Study's Group No. 72, since an upgrade to 37 markers by one or more of the three might show a match to that Group rather than to Group No. 18.  
 
   
Group No. 19  
Marker No. (Orange = Fast Mutator) H'group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
Modal Values for this Group R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 28 17 9 10 11 11 25 14 18 30 15 15 16 16 11 10 19 23 16 15 19 17 36 42 12 12 11 9 16 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23 23 16 10 12 12 15 8 12 22 20 14 12 11 13 11 11 12 11
207076 Gregory George Brown R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 28 16 9 10 11 11 25 16 19 30 15 15 16 17 11 11 19 23 15 15 16 17 35 38 12 12 10 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 13 22 23 17 10 12 12 14 8 12 21 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 15 12
16659 Willis L. Brown  R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 28 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 18 30 15 15 16 16                                                                                    
12550 Michael Alan Brown R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 28 17 9 10 11 11 25 14 18 30 15 15 16 16 11 10 19 23 16 15 19 17 37 42 12 12 11 9 16 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23 23 16 10 12 12 15 8 12 22 20 14 12 11 13 11 11 12 11
69994 Stephen D. Brown  R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 28 17 9 10 11 11 25 14 18 30 15 15 16 16                                                                                    
00000 Anonymous Brown***** R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 28                                                                                                              
75257 Stephen Kistler Craven  R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 28 17 9 10 11 11 25 14 18 30 15 15 16 16 11 10 19 23 16 15 19 17 36 42 12 12 11 9 16 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23 23 16 10 12 12 15 8 12 22 20 14 12 11 13 11 11 12 11
8732 Thomas T. Seals  R1b1a2 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 28 17 9 10 11 11 25 14 18 30 15 15 16 16 11 10 19 23 16 15 20 17 36 42 12 12                                                            
Note 1: The "Anonymous Brown" in this group is a man tested by FTDNA who hasn't yet joined the Brown DNA Study.  
 
Note 2: Participant no. 207076 appears not to share common Brown ancestry in a "genealogical time frame" (i.e., since about 1500 AD) with nos. 12550, 75257 and 8732.  Whether he is related to the other men in Group No. 19 can only be determined if those men should upgrade to at least 37 markers.  
 
 
   
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*  A deceased test participant.  
       
**  Y-Search No. used for member not tested by FTDNA.            
       
***  Indicates "null" or no result. Such cases are retested multiple times to confirm. The underlying science is still unsettled as to when these readings are caused by true deletions, as opposed to being caused by imperfect testing techniques. Regardless of cause, however, mutations that lead to null readings are normally passed to descendants just as are other mutations, meaning that related male lineages such as a father and his son will usually share a null value. Therefore a null value can generally be as useful as any other value for genealogical purposes.  
 
 
 
   
**** Ancestral name used instead of participant's name.    
   
***** Indicates a Brown-surnamed man tested by FTDNA who hasn't yet joined the Brown DNA Study Indicates a Brown-, Braun-  or Browning-surnamed man tested by FTDNA who hasn't yet joined the Brown DNA Study.    
     
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